CIA Family Jewels Indexed is a freely accessible, searchable subject index created by the National Security Archive and available on the DNSA site. This index and its 67 full-text documents are not integrated into DNSA, but may be searched and browsed at the above link.
Afghanistan: The Making of U.S. Policy, 19731990
Containing over 2,000 documents that total more than 14,000 pages, Afghanistan offers a comprehensive record of the bloodiest and costliest superpower proxy war of the 1980s. Documents include State Department cables from Kabul, Washington, D.C., and Islamabad.
Argentina, 1975-1980: The Making of U.S. Human Rights Policy
This collection chronicles the development of U.S. policy as it attempts to deal with the tragedy experienced in Argentina during the critical, formative period of the late 1970’s, which featured a political collapse verging on civil war; a military coup; and massive illegal detentions, torture and kidnappings. The documents show U.S. officials grappling with human rights violations on a scale never heard of in the Western Hemisphere, underscored by the dramatic disappearance of tens of thousands of people at the hands of the security forces.
The declassified records in this set, most of them acquired by National Security Archive project staff and never before published, illustrate the birth of human rights as a priority in U.S. foreign policy – along with more traditional concerns ranging from the spread of international communism to nuclear proliferation in Latin America.
The Berlin Crisis, 19581962
Beginning with documents from late 1953 when the Eisenhower administration began to formulate its Berlin contingency plans and closing with a series of newly declassified State Department histories from the late 1960s, The Berlin Crisis contains more than 11,500 pages from almost 3,000 documents.
China and the United States: From Hostility to Engagement, 19601998
(China and the U.S.)
This collection pulls together more than 2,000 documents concerning the relationship between the United States and China, with an emphasis on the 19691998 time period. The documents include memos, cables, and studies concerning U.S. diplomatic relations with China, records concerning the U.S.-PRC security relationship, documents related to the economic and scientific association with the PRC, and intelligence estimates and studies concerning the PRC's foreign policy objectives, military capabilities, and internal situation.
Chile and the United States: U.S. Policy toward Democracy, Dictatorship, and Human Rights, 1970-1990
(Chile and the U.S.)
Few countries carry as much significance in the controversial history of U.S. foreign policy as Chile. This collection presents 2,842 once-secret, U.S. records--among them hundreds of declassified Top Secret CIA operational memos, cables, and reports--as well as records from the archives and courts of other nations. Tracing the U.S. role in Chile from the Nixon administration's covert efforts to block the election and inauguration of Salvador Allende, through the military takeover of September 11, 1973, to the end of Gen. Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship and his eventual arrest in London, this set chronicles CIA covert operations, the coup d'état, Pinochet’s repression, international terrorism, diplomacy leading to a return to democracy, and the pursuit of justice for human rights victims of the military regime. This compilation is an invaluable go-to resource for the next generation of scholars concerned not only with Chile and Latin America but with a broader debate over U.S. policy toward democracy and dictatorship, and the moral and strategic dilemmas of Washington's global posture.
CIA Covert Operations: From Carter to Obama, 1977-2010
This National Security Archive document set represents the initial release of what will be an even broader collection focused on covert operations of the Central Intelligence Agency throughout its history. This set of records covers management and control of covert operations, as well as activities carried out during the Carter, Reagan, Bush (I), Clinton, Bush (II) and Obama presidencies.
Colombia and the United States: Political Violence, Narcotics, and Human Rights, 1948-2010
The National Security Archive's Colombia collection traces 50 years of U.S. policy toward its most important Andean ally throughout a period of sustained conflict, political corruption and civil unrest. The Colombia collection contains approximately 2,000 documents.
The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
(Cuban Missile Crisis)
Perhaps the most critical and dangerous confrontation of the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis is chronicled in this collection of more than 15,000 pages of rarely seen documentation from the highest levels of government. Topics include the aftermath of the Bay of Pigs, the U.S. secret war against Castro, the first intelligence reports pointing to the development of Soviet missiles in Cuba, and the highly classified correspondence between Kennedy and Khrushchev.
The Cuban Missile Crisis Revisited: An International Collection of Documents, From the Bay of Pigs to the Brink of Nuclear War
(Cuban Missile Crisis Revisited)
For over twenty years, the National Security Archive's Cuba Documentation Project has aimed to centralize as many of the documentary pieces of the puzzle as possible, and to look beyond the conventionally understood "13 days" of the missile crisis in October 1962, into the policies, operations and conflicts that preceded and precipitated this famous tri-power confrontation, as well as the events that took place during the crisis and in its aftermath.
Death Squads, Guerrilla War, Covert Operations, and Genocide: Guatemala and the United States, 1954-1999
(Guatemala and the U.S.)
Death Squads, Guerrilla War, Covert Operations, and Genocide: Guatemala and the United States, 1954-1999 contains 2,071 declassified documents describing U.S. relations with Guatemala during the decades of violent conflict sparked by the CIA-controlled coup in 1954. The documents include CIA operational records produced during the coup, National Security Council deliberations on consolidating a post-coup regime friendly to the United States, and extensive intelligence and embassy reporting on Guatemala's U.S.-trained security apparatus. The material includes detailed information on the human rights catastrophe that gripped Guatemala during its 30-year civil conflict. Finally and most uniquely, the set contains an extraordinary and chilling record smuggled out of the archives of Guatemalan military intelligencethe grim, 54-page diario militar, or "death squad diary," obtained by National Security archive staff, which ties the Guatemalan army directly to the disappearance of dozens of Guatemalan citizens.
El Salvador: The Making of U.S. Policy, 19771984
(El Salvador 1977-1984)
El Salvador contains more than 27,000 pages of documents covering one of the most hotly debated subjects of the last decade: the U.S. role in the civil war in El Salvador, including intelligence-gathering, policy-making, and extensive reporting on human rights abuses.
El Salvador: War, Peace, and Human Rights, 19801994
(El Salvador 1980-1994)
The second set of declassified U.S. records concerning El Salvador, this collection incorporates several thousand U.S. government documents relevant to the human rights cases that were studied by the United Nations Truth Commission. Following the March 15, 1993 release of the commission's ground-breaking investigation, From Madness to Hope: The 12-Year War in El Salvador, members of the United States Congress wrote to President Clinton asking that the government documents be declassified for public inspection.
Iran: The Making of U.S. Policy, 19771980
More than 14,000 pages of documents are offered on the fall of Shah and the rise of the Ayatollah Khomeini, including some that the government would not have made available until the middle of the twenty-first century had the Archive not forced their release through the Freedom of Information Act.
The Iran-Contra Affair: The Making of a Scandal, 19831988
The documents in this collection include every exhibit released by the official investigations of the Iran-Contra Affair, including the Senate Intelligence Committee, the Tower Commission, the joint select Congressional committees, and the Independent Counsel. Iran-Contra focuses on the period from Fall 1983, when Congress first put limits on official U.S. assistance to the Contras, to the criminal indictments of Oliver North, Richard Secord, and Albert Hakim in Spring 1988.
Iraqgate: Saddam Hussein, U.S. Policy and the Prelude to the Persian Gulf War, 19801994
The collection brings together a wealth of materials which trace U.S. policy toward Iraq prior to the Persian Gulf War, as well as U.S. government reactions to revelations about the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL) scandal and the secret arming of Saddam Hussein's regime. The set also focuses on the economic issues at play in the U.S. relationship with Iraq. Documents are derived from virtually every federal agency involved in U.S.-Iraq policy and the BNL affair.
The collection contains 1,900 documents representing nearly 10,000 pages of rarely-seen documentation from the highest levels of government.
Japan and the United States: Diplomatic, Security, and Economic Relations, 19601976
(Japan and the U.S., 1960-1976)
This collection pulls together more than 2,000 primary source documents detailing the relationship between the United States and Japan during the formative years of their modern alliance. The documents, most of which appear here for the first time, include records of historic U.S.-Japanese summit meetings; communications between heads of state; top-level internal deliberations, including Nixon and Kissinger memoranda of conversation; memos, cables and studies concerning U.S. diplomatic relations with Japan; records concerning the U.S.-Japan security relationship; documents related to trade and international monetary relations with Japan; and intelligence estimates and studies concerning Japan's foreign policy objectives, military capabilities, economic policies and internal situation.
Japan and the United States: Diplomatic, Security, and Economic Relations, 19771992
(Japan and the U.S., 1977-1992)
Japan and the United States: Diplomatic, Security, and Economic Relations, Part II: 19771992 is the most important compilation of documents publicly available on relations between the United States and Japan during the Carter, Reagan and Bush I presidencies. This was the period when the Cold War drew to a close and U.S. policy-makers strove to develop a new global strategy. Incorporating the latest U.S. government releases, obtained largely through the Freedom of Information Act, this collection significantly enriches the historical record. White House, State Department, Pentagon, Commerce Department, CIA and other documents, virtually all of them previously classified, cover all the major issues from this critical period, including high-level diplomatic, military and economic relations. Topics covered in detail include summit meetings during all three presidential administrations, U.S. objectives in major trade negotiations on such items as automobiles and semiconductors, the Structural Dialogue talks on trade, U.S. efforts to guide Japanese defense policy, and the impact of the first Persian Gulf conflict on U.S.-Japan relations. The collection also incorporates new material from 1960-1976 released since the publication of Japan and the United States: Diplomatic, Security, and Economic Relations, 1960-1976.
Japan and the United States: Diplomatic, Security, and Economic Relations, Part III, 1961-2000
(Japan and the U.S., 1961-2000)
This National Security Archive collection, which supplements the first two sets on U.S.–Japan relations with the very latest declassified records, spans the years from Kennedy to Clinton. As with the earlier sets, it covers a wide spectrum of issues and events in the bilateral relationship during the last four decades of the twentieth century. These materials are also important resources for understanding the current global economic crisis and recent geopolitical developments in East Asia and the Pacific Rim.
Containing nearly 900 documents, the set draws upon the most up-to-date releases from the Ford, Carter, Reagan and George H.W. Bush presidential libraries, as well as once-classified materials from the State Department, the Pentagon, the CIA and other agencies obtained through hundreds of Freedom of Information Act requests. Among the key documents shedding new light on critical issues such as negotiations over the return of Okinawa, bilateral military relations in the wake of détente and the opening to China, security challenges on the Korean Peninsula, and the Asian economic crisis at the end of the twentieth century, are memoranda of conversation between Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, and Bush and their Japanese counterparts, detailed reports on meetings of the Security Consultative Committee, and briefing books prepared for Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin’s meetings with Japanese Finance Ministry officials.
The Kissinger Telephone Conversations: A Verbatim Record of U.S. Diplomacy, 1969-1977
(Kissinger Telephone Conversations)
Comprising over 15,500 telcons, this collection documents Kissinger's conversations with top officials in the Nixon and Ford administrations, including the president, Secretaries of Defense Laird, Richardson, and Schlesinger, Secretary of State Rogers, and a host of other senior officials, as well as noted journalists, ambassadors, and business leaders close to the White House. Topics range widely, including détente with Moscow, the Vietnam War (negotiations and military action, including the war's end), the Jordanian crisis (1970), rapprochement with China, the Middle East negotiations, U.S.- European relations, U.S-Japan relations, the Cyprus crisis, and the unfolding Watergate crisis.
Some sample audio files are available for this collection. To listen to the files, choose from the links below:
Henry Kissinger praises President Nixon's speech on Vietnam War, and they assess news media commentary, cabinet and congressional responses, and need for strong military action if North Vietnam fails to negotiate.
President Nixon and Henry Kissinger revise Nixon's Vietnam War speech to deflect criticism about invasion of Southeast Asian countries and escalation of war; Kissinger updates Nixon on mining of Haiphong Harbor.
The Kissinger Transcripts: A Verbatim Record of U.S. Diplomacy, 1969–1977
As national security adviser (1969–1975) and secretary of state (1973–1977), Henry A. Kissinger played a central, and sometimes dominating, role in shaping U.S. foreign and military policy during the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. In this role Kissinger helped prosecute as well as negotiate an end to the Vietnam War; he carried out secret diplomacy to advance detente with the Soviet Union and rapprochement with China. He pressed for covert operations to destroy the Allende regime in Chile, and implemented the tilt to Pakistan during the 1971 South Asia Crisis. In later years he presided over U.S. policy during the October 1973 Middle East war soon after which he employed a "Shuttle Diplomacy" to contain the Middle East crisis. These are only a few of the prominent political events in which he played a major role.
Some three quarters of the 2,163 declassified documents in this collection were produced by Kissinger and his assistants on the National Security Council Staff. Even after Kissinger became Secretary of State, he relied on the NSC system for keeping meeting records, especially of the most sensitive matters such as relations with Beijing and Moscow, Middle East diplomacy, or meetings with the president. For those events when he did not rely on the NSC staff to record a meeting, he depended on a State Department country desk director or more senior officials, such as deputy or assistant secretaries of state, to prepare the .memcons.. A noteworthy feature of the records of Kissinger's memcons is that they are literally verbatim records of the meetings.
Mexico-United States Counternarcotics Policy, 1969-2013
With a nearly 2000-mile shared border, the economic, security, and social concerns of Mexico and the United States are deeply intertwined. This National Security Archive collection focuses on one aspect of that complex and multifaceted bilateral relationship: counternarcotics policy. Comprising 1,877 documents, these records trace the impact of U.S. drug policy on Mexico-U.S. relations from the Nixon administration through the first term of the Obama presidency. The collection begins with Operation Intercept, President Nixon’s unilateral attempt to stem drug traffic by nearly closing the Mexico-U.S. border, and follows the often contentious relations between the hemisphere’s largest consumer of illegal drugs and a principal producer and transit point for those substances. It chronicles the impact of U.S. drug policy on Mexico-U.S. relations; the infusion of U.S. counternarcotics aid in the form of equipment, training, and joint eradication programs; the transformation of drug control from a law enforcement issue to a national security concern; the increased role of the Mexican military in drug control; the rise of Mexican cartels, drug violence, and official corruption; and efforts, through the Merida Initiative, to support judicial reform, institution-building, and institutionalization of rule-of-law. The set includes detailed reporting on crop eradication campaigns such as Operation Trizo, Operation SEAM, and Operation Condor; Federal Bureau of Investigation reports on the 1985 killing of agent Enrique Camarena; and records on the U.S. extraordinary rendition of Humberto Alvarez Machaín. The documents also examine the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement on the drug trade, the escalation of drug-related violence in Mexico and on the U.S. border, and implementation of the Merida Initiative.
The National Security Agency: Organization and Operations, 1945-2009
(National Security Agency)
The National Security Agency: Organization and Operations, 1945-2009, is a uniquely detailed collection of records documenting the history, mission, and intelligence collection and analytic operations of America's largest and most secretive intelligence agency, the National Security Agency (NSA) and its predecessor organizations.
Nicaragua: The Making of U.S. Policy, 19781990
Nicaragua contains more than 3,000 documents, many of which are recently declassified State Department cables obtained through a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit. Key events covered by the collection range from the outbreak of widespread opposition to the Somoza family dynasty through the Contra war of the 1980s, until the election of 1990 which brought an end to the Sandinista government.
Peru: Human Rights, Drugs and Democracy, 1980-2000 (Peru)
Peru: Human Rights, Drugs and Democracy, 1980-2000, is a uniquely detailed collection of records documenting U.S. foreign policy at work in Latin America, as well as a fascinating story of domestic politics in Peru. Incorporating the latest U.S. government releases, which significantly enrich the historical record, these documents, virtually all previously classified, provide a compelling primary-source portrait of Peru's civil war, internal repression, and growing authoritarianism during three successive Peruvian administrations, as witnessed by the U.S. embassy in Lima, U.S. military officials, and U.S. intelligence. Simply put, there is no available compilation of materials on the subject that comes close to the quality and extent of coverage provided by this collection.
The Philippines: U.S. Policy During the Marcos Years, 19651986
Presenting a case study of U.S. policy towards a third world ally, this collection documents the often conflicting interests which arose between the U.S. and President Marcos. Events covered include the assassination of opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr.; the rise of Communist and Muslims insurgencies during the 1970s and 1980s; the emergence of a small, but vocal, opposition movement in the United States; and Marcos' fall in 1986.
Presidential Directives on National Security, Part I: From Truman to Clinton
Presidential Directives on National Security From Truman to Clinton provides a unique collection of documents pertaining to all aspects of U.S. national security policy — foreign, defense, intelligence, and international economic policy — and structure. The collection consists of over 2,100 documents totaling 30,855 pages, and covers all administrations from Truman to Clinton.
Presidential Directives on National Security, Part II: From Truman to George W. Bush
(Presidential Directives, Part II)
Contains more than 1,836 highest-level documents issued by presidents from Harry S. Truman to George W. Bush concerning foreign affairs, defense and arms control policy, intelligence and counterterrorist activities, and international economic policy. Thanks to a long-standing Freedom of Information Act campaign by the National Security Archive, the two parts of this collection contain every single presidential directive released to date. (All of the documents in Part II became available after the publication of Part I.) Furthermore, unlike the daily stream of White House proclamations and press releases that are designed to frame official policy for public consumption, these directives and requests for studies reflect each president's actual, behind-the-scenes priorities, goals and decisions. In addition, the numerous substantive responses to study requests that are included here, particularly from the Nixon and Ford administrations, offer an insider's view of many of the most important policy documents that crossed the president's desk throughout the post-World War II period.
South Africa: The Making of U.S. Policy, 19621989
This collection provides more than 2,500 primary source documents describing U.S. relationships to apartheid including implementation, enforcement, and violations of the U.N.-sponsored sanctions against South Africa. The collection spans the period from the arrest of Nelson Mandela to his release.
The Soviet Estimate: U.S. Analysis of the Soviet Union, 19471991
This collection contains more than 600 intelligence estimates and reports, representing nearly 14,000 pages of documentation from the office of the Director of Central Intelligence, the National Intelligence Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, and other organizations. The set includes several hundred pages of debriefing transcripts and other documentation related to Colonel Oleg Penkovskii, the most important human source operated by the CIA during the Cold War, who later was charged with treason and executed by the Soviet Union. Also published here for the first time is the Pentagon's Top Secret 1,000-page internal history of the United States-Soviet Union arms race.
Terrorism and U.S. Policy, 19682002
(Terrorism and U.S. Policy, 1968-2002)
Within hours of the horrific attacks of September 11, 2001, National Security Archive staff began compiling this in-depth and unparalleled documentary history of international terrorism and U.S. policy. The resulting collection of 1,509 formerly secret documents provides coverage beginning with the first politically-motivated hostage-taking episode of its the July 1968 hijacking of an El Al jet to and devoting special attention to the Middle East and Southwest Asia. The set features records from the White House, National Security Council, State Department, Defense Department, Justice Department, and other federal agencies as well as detailed FBI field reporting, CIA analyses, and military studies.
Among the most valuable materials are sensitive intelligence reporting won through a lawsuit by former AP reporter and hostage Terry A. Anderson, memos from Henry Kissinger to President Richard Nixon detailing terrorist incidents as they unfold, and a complete set of declassified meeting records of the important Cabinet Committee to Combat Terrorism. Specific highlights include the circa 1996 CIA biographic sketch of Osama bin Laden, and the May 2002 "Bombshell Memo" by FBI whistle-blower Coleen Rowley, featured on the cover of Time Magazine (June 3, 2002 edition).
The United States and the Two Koreas from Nixon to Clinton (1969-2000)
(The United States and the Two Koreas)
The National Security Archive's collection on U.S.-Korean relations covers both diplomatic, security, and economic relations between the United States and its ally, South Korea; and the challenges to the U.S. posed by an adversarial North Korea. It spans events dating from the Nixon administration's response to the April 15, 1969 downing, by North Korean MiG-17s, of a U.S. EC-121 reconnaissance plane over the Sea of Japan, to efforts during the Clinton years to deter Pyongyang's nuclear ambitions. The collection contains approximately 1,800 records documents released by the State Department, the Pentagon, the Central Intelligence Agency, and other agencies, as well as historical material compiled through research at the National Archives and the presidential libraries. The many newly-declassified documents in the set deal with a wide range of significant themes and events. These include detailed contingency plans for military strikes against North Korea in response to the EC-121 incident; growing concern over North Korea's economic instability; the leadership transition from Kim Il Sung to Kim Jong Il in Pyongyang; political liberalization in South Korea (from the Kwangju uprising to the election of Kim Dae Jung); a historic summit meeting between the leaders of South and North Korea in 2000, and secret discussions with other powers, including Japan, China and Russia, aimed at coordinating an international diplomatic response to North Korea's threat to regional security.
The United States and the Two Koreas, Part II, 1969-2010
(The United States and the Two Koreas, Part II, 1969-2010)
The National Security Archive’s second collection on U.S.-Korean relations covers, as did Part One, the full range of diplomatic, security, and economic relations between the United States and its ally, South Korea; and the challenges to the U.S. posed by an adversarial North Korea. The documents – obtained and selected since the publication of Part One – add significant breadth and depth to the Archive’s coverage of events and issues from Nixon into the first Obama administration. The collection contains 1,634 records originating with the State Department, the Pentagon, the Central Intelligence Agency, and other agencies, including key documents from the WikiLeaks database. Among the notable new materials are selections from the Secretary of State’s Morning Intelligence Summary on developments in the two Koreas during the George H.W. Bush presidency. Nearly half of the new documents date from the Clinton presidency, which faced the dual challenges of working with its allies to curb North Korea’s nuclear ambitions, as well dealing with the Asian economic crisis that struck South Korea and the region in the late 1990s. The WikiLeaks documents, carefully reviewed for sensitivity by the collection’s editor, are particularly useful for researchers because they shed significant light on the renewed tensions with North Korea in recent years. During the George W. Bush presidency, the U.S. included Pyongyang as part of the “axis of evil,” and the 1994 Framework Agreement unraveled after North Korea admitted it had violated its pledge to halt work on nuclear weapons. During the first year of the Obama presidency, North Korean provocations continued to hinder the ongoing six-party talks to resolve the nuclear issue. Each of these developments has helped to ensure that the Korean Peninsula will remain a top-priority concern for the United States for the foreseeable future.
U.S. Espionage and Intelligence, 19471996
(U.S. Espionage and Intelligence)
This collection provides a detailed description of the varied civilian and military organizations that constitute the U.S. intelligence community, their past and present operations, and the mechanisms by which the community's activities are managed. The collection consists of 1,180 documents, totaling 36,023 pages.
U.S. Intelligence and China: Collection, Analysis and Covert Action
(China and the U.S.)
This collection includes more than 2,300 documents providing new insights into aspects of intelligence operations, with the results of most of these efforts, naturally, kept highly classified. The resulting finished intelligence addressed a diversity of topics, ranging from military capabilities to domestic policies, and which was critical in helping to shape U.S. policy toward the emerging world power. This collection provides insights into all these aspects of intelligence operations, revealing U.S. concerns about its rival, China, and its ally, Taiwan.
The U.S. Intelligence Community After 9/11
(Intelligence Community After 9/11)
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on New York and Washington led to profound changes in U.S. foreign and defense policy, internal security practices, and organization for national security - including dramatic changes in the organization and operations of the U.S. Intelligence Community. Other changes have been the product of factors unrelated to the attacks. The U.S. Intelligence Community after 9/11 reflects the National Security Archive's interest in documenting the organizational and operational changes in the U.S. Intelligence Community since the attacks.
The U.S. Intelligence Community: Organization, Operations and Management, 19471989
Previously inaccessible documents — functional manuals, unit histories, and internal directives — provide research with the most comprehensive structural portrait of the U.S. espionage establishment ever published.
U.S. Intelligence on Weapons of Mass Destruction: From World War II to Iraq
(Weapons of Mass Destruction)
This collection includes primary sources used by Jeffrey Richelson, one of the world's leading experts on intelligence, as the basis for the widely acclaimed book, Spying on the Bomb: American Nuclear Intelligence from Nazi Germany to Iran and North Korea (W.W. Norton, 2006). In addition to the once largely inaccessible primary source material Richelson used to write his ground-breaking account, the set also includes many of the U.S. Intelligence Community's products on the world's nuclear, biological, chemical, ballistic missile, and military space programs from World War II to the present. Consisting of over 600 documents and 8,300 pages, this collection is the product of an extensive series of Freedom of Information Act requests and in-depth archival research.
U.S. Military Uses of Space, 19451991
(Military Uses of Space)
This collection of previously classified histories, program management directives, requirements studies, and other documents show the evolution of a variety of U.S. space programs — historically among the most highly classified documents of the U.S. government. Topics range from a 1951 report on using satellites for reconnaissance to a 1990 briefing paper on air support to Operation Desert Shield.
U.S. Nuclear History: Nuclear Arms and Politics in the Missile Age, 19551968
(U.S. Nuclear History)
This collection comprehensively documents major developments in U.S. nuclear weapons policies and programs from the mid-1950s through 1968, the period that set the nuclear stage for the decades of the Cold War that followed. Given the importance of the nuclear competition to superpower tensions during the post-World War II era, not only as a source of friction in itself but as an element that made the tensions inconceivably dangerous, the documents in this collection introduce the reader to one of the critical inner mechanisms of the Cold War.
U.S. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Policy, 19451991
Spanning the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki through the recent IAEA inspections of Iraq's nuclear program, Nuclear Non-Proliferation offers researchers the most complete set of primary source materials to U.S. non-proliferation policy available.
U.S. Policy in the Vietnam War, Part I: 1954-1968
(U.S. Policy in the Vietnam War, 1954-1968)
This collection documents the deadliest conflict in modern U.S. history prior to the current war against terrorism. The goal was to assemble both classic and relatively well-known documentary sources as well as the most recent declassified materials, making a single comprehensive resource for primary substantive research on the Vietnam conflict.
The set consists primarily of documents from the White House, National Security Council, State Department, Defense Department, and other federal agencies involved in policy-making on the war in Southeast Asia. It also features detailed reporting from the field as well as analysis from the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, American embassies overseas, U.S. regional military commands, especially the Military Assistance Command Vietnam (MACV), and the uniformed military services. There are also certain documents from foreign sources, including the governments of South Vietnam, North Vietnam, the Soviet Union, China, the United Kingdom, and others. Additional documentation, including diplomatic documents from the governments of Sweden, Hungary, and Poland, and other material, is available for research on the premises of the National Security Archive.
U.S. Policy in the Vietnam War, Part II: 1969-1975
(U.S. Policy in the Vietnam War, 1969-1975)
U.S. Policy in the Vietnam War, Part II is the most important compilation of documents available on the final phase of the Vietnam War. Incorporating the very latest U.S. government releases, which significantly enrich the historical record, these documents, virtually all previously classified, cover all the major issues from the period, including diplomatic, military, and intelligence aspects of the Vietnam war during the period of the Nixon and Ford administrations. Also included is material that bridges topics in Part I, such as a subset on pacification issues, the most comprehensive assemblage to date of the Pentagon Papers, and a detailed retrospective by the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research on the earlier period. Topics covered in detail in this collection include the Paris Peace negotiations, the Vietnamization program, the war in Cambodia, the Christmas Bombing of 1972, and the fall of South Vietnam.